Pakistan has significantly tightened the academic requirements for school teachers in recent years. In total, there are 28 public exam boards across Pakistan’s provinces and jurisdictions. To improve this situation, a process to develop a National Vocational Qualification Framework (NVQF) was initiated in 2009 in collaboration with and funded by the European Union (EU) and the governments of the Netherlands, Norway, and, perhaps foremost, Germany, with its internationally recognized TVET system. ( Log Out /  In comparison with academic institutions in other Asian countries, Pakistani universities are not very well-represented in standard international university rankings. 2013. The language of instruction in higher education is mostly English, but some programs and institutions teach in Urdu. Like other colleges, community colleges are teaching institutions affiliated with a DAI, but they are designed to offer more applied programs that lead to employment-geared associate degrees. While there are six Indian institutions included among the top 500 in the current 2020 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, for instance, Quaid-i-Azam University is the only Pakistani institution featured in this group (at position 401–500). Given that Pakistan is witnessing the largest population growth of youth in its history, with two-thirds of the population projected to be below the age of 30 for the next three decades, TVET is seen as perhaps the most critical education sector to address unemployment and develop a workforce capable of driving economic development. However, while these rankings are designed to be an annual ongoing process, their results were last made available to the public in 2015. Bachelor’s degree (four years, 124–136 credits) or a combined 16 years of education. Much of the rapid growth in Pakistan’s research output is owed to an incentivization system that ties academic journal publications to faculty promotions and financial rewards. The four Pakistani HEIs among the top 1,000 in the current Shanghai Ranking are COMSATS in the 501–600 band, and Quaid-i-Azam University, the University of Agriculture Faisalabad, and the University of the Punjab in the 801–990 band. According to the Global Youth Development Index published by the Commonwealth, a measure which uses the domains of civic participation, education, employment and opportunity, health and well-being, and political participation to gauge the progress of young people, Pakistan ranked only 154th of 183 countries, trailing sub-Saharan African nations like Sierra Leone or Ethiopia. Note: In addition to these benchmark qualifications, universities offer a variety of shorter undergraduate-level diploma programs as well as postgraduate diplomas, which are mostly one year in duration and require a bachelor’s degree for admission. However, many private providers are smaller, specialized, market-oriented institutions of lesser quality that mainly offer programs in fields like business management and information technology. The system includes 180,846 public institutions and 80,057 private institutions. 2015. Most typically, this is an internal assessment devised by the institution, but it’s increasingly common for institutions to rely on external tests, such as the National Aptitude Test conducted by Pakistan’s National Testing Service. Examples of the latter include the 10+3 Diploma in Nursing and Diploma of Associate Engineer (DAE)—qualifications that are examined by state boards of technical education and boards of nursing education. [Pervez Aslam Shami; Kh Sabir Hussain; Academy of Educational Planning and Management (Pakistan); National Book Foundation (Pakistan)] Home. The Muslim-majority country was established in its current form after the partition of former British India into India and Pakistan in 1947, and the subsequent secession of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan, in 1971. Pro Tip: Go to Tool>Select Within 24 Hours, past week etc . The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of World Education Services (WES). Hence 31% educational institutes are run by private sector while 69% are public institutes. Unskilled population means more jobless people in the country, which affects the national development negatively. In these fields, the Bachelor of Eastern Medicine and Surgery is awarded upon completion of a five-year program and one-year clinical internship recognized by the National Council for Tibb. In recent years, Pakistan has adopted increasingly modern methods of teaching and examination and has, following global trends, moved to a 12+4+2 structure. In Pakistan the planning regarding elementary education takes place without involving those who will be most directly affected by its activation: students, teachers, parents, and the community. Education system of Pakistan: The education system of Pakistan is comprised of 260,903 institutions and is facilitating 41,018,384 students with the help of 1,535,461 teachers. The provinces of Punjab and Sindh have in recent years introduced standardized province-wide examinations at the end of grades 5 and 8. Families, particularly those in rural areas, often cannot afford the costs related to education. There are more young people in Pakistan today than at any point in its history, and it has one of the world’s largest youth populations with 64 percent of Pakistanis now under the age of 30. Sharing success stories, making country-specific modifications and their implementation can generate positive results. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. 4.2 Elementary Education in Pakistan Rashid (2004) has the view that elementary education in any system of education occupies the pivotal position. A minimum grade average of 50 percent or above (second division pass) is required by most institutions, but the threshold in more competitive disciplines like engineering and medicine is usually higher (at least 60 percent). Special grants can be provided to the provinces where the literacy rate is low. Resources Reports and Data. This situation is exacerbated by striking inequalities based on sex and socioeconomic status. The individual is provided training of the basic knowledge, skills and attitudes. Failure to integrate the country’s legions of youngsters into the education system and the labor market, on the other hand, could turn population growth into what the Washington Post called a “disaster in the making”: “Putting catastrophic pressures on water and sanitation systems, swamping health and education services, and leaving tens of millions of people jobless”—trends that would almost inevitably lead to the further destabilization of Pakistan’s already fragile political system. They lead to the award of the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degree and Bachelor of Dental Surgery, respectively. Completion of the DAE, for example, enables students to enter directly into applicable Bachelor of Technology programs. Admission to secondary education requires completion of middle school (grade 8) as well as a passing score on provincial grade 8 examinations, depending on the jurisdiction. Examples include the Karachi branch campus of the Irish Griffith College, and TNE programs in accounting offered by the British Oxford Brookes University in collaboration with the Association of Chartered Accountants (ACCA). All pathways culminate in a skills assessment based on national competency standards conducted by provincial qualification assessment boards, trade testing boards, or other certified assessors. While most Pakistani students are said to be self-funded, overseas scholarship programs have helped thousands of graduate students to pursue studies in the United States, the United Kingdom, Cuba, Germany, France, and various other countries in recent years. Introduction. 5)      War on Terror: Pakistan’s engagement in war against terrorism also affected the promotion of literacy campaign. The Pakistani government estimates that only about a third of children between the ages of three and four participate in formal early childhood education.


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