During the high tourist season, the prices of essential goods rise, making them less affordable for the locals. However, an earthquake of 2015 completely destroyed the valley, burying the whole villages under the landslides and rubble. For example, often hotels and resorts are built illegally very close to the beach or inside the core areas of forests. Sustainable travel should become our second nature. Environmental issues: Although tourism as an industry is least polluting, it still can cause significant damages to the environment. To satisfy the needs of the tourists often the locals need to change their traditional style of life. Tourism has the power to uplift communities from poverty, but at the same time, it can destroy their identity. Very often the infrastructure is built without any sustainable development plan or environment protection policies. Global tourism in 2014 contributed 3.7 percent (US$2.5 trillion) to the world's GDP, with its total contribution rising to almost 10 percent of world GDP. Local people can’t run their errands the way they used to. Should it be an unstable political situation, terrorism, natural disaster (such as tsunami or earthquake), then there will be no more tourists and therefore no income. Local community, Nature, Overtourism, Pollution, Wildlife. Leaving a signature “M+A=Love” on a stone or a statue is vandalism, as well as making a graffiti in a national park. Or what about the crazy situation with the rental market in Spain? Therefore if too many people stay in one place, over time the local resources get depleted. While it’s good for the business owners, this can negatively affect the locals. For example, people have to pay more to enjoy a meal in their favourite restaurant, just because it because too popular with tourists. In such areas, the local flora and fauna might be deprived of the resources needed to sustain their lives. We recommend moving this block and the preceding CSS link to the HEAD of your HTML file. Boracay in the Philippines is a great example of what can happen to a paradise when it becomes a victim of overtourism and how responsible government should fix the situation. California is famous for its droughts and people need to get used to living in conditions of water scarcity. Damage to the natural environment, eg footpath erosion (the wearing away of footpaths), litter, habitats destroyed to build hotels. Rampant construction of tourist facilities like hotels, cafes, restaurants, etc., in an area without proper arrangement for safe disposal of sewage, can lead to disastrous consequences. Both light and sound pollution create an adverse environment for the animals that live in that area, pushing them away from their original habitat. Same happens due to increased air traffic (read about the issues associated with air travel). In some cases you may get scolded by the people, in others, you may get yourself in the jail. The more cars, the worse the air quality. Animals lose their natural habitat and have to move to a new location. By Oishimaya Sen Nag on October 11 2018 in Environment. Businesses tend to open more hotels for accommodating an increasing number of visitors that might require the clearing of the virgin land. Sometimes tourists damage historical monument or natural landmarks. And they simply don’t know what happens behind the scene. These issues can be created by both international and local travel. It can lead to the eutrophication of water bodies and the loss of the balance in aquatic ecosystems. You use water and electricity, you get a vehicle to move around, you eat local food and buy produce. To accommodate an increased number of tourists many more hotels and other facilities have to be built. For example, large volumes of water are consumed to cater to the needs of the tourists, run hotels, swimming pools, maintain golf courses, etc. This is one of the inevitable negative effects of tourism. Tourists quite often, out of ignorance or carelessness, fail to respect local customs and moral values. Responsible Travel Unsustainable practices by the tourist industry can also put pressure on other resources like food, energy, etc. */. We all know that tourist areas tend to be more expensive than in other places. The Negative Impact of Tourism on Economy Seasonal: The fact remains that most people tend to travel to other locations only during holidays and as a result, the tourism industry is looking more like a cyclic model, with a seasonal rush and nothing much for the rest of the season. Any development requires some interference with nature. More lights in the buildings, more lights and LED signs on the streets, create light pollution in the area. These effects can gradually destroy the environmental resources on which tourism itself depends. Slowly a small sleepy town becomes a party place that never sleeps. Large patches of natural vegetation need to be cleared to allow space for the sprawling resorts or hotels. All rights reserved. Waste disposal is a great problem in the natural environment. Slowly, the local restaurants start catering more to foreign tourists, cooking the “western” meals instead of local cuisine. A report produced by the N.W.T. Let’s take a closer look at the 10 main negative effects of tourism. This can degrade the quality of water and decrease the volume of water that is available for the local population, plants, and animals. When tourism is encouraged in an area with inadequate resources, it will have a negative impact on the ecosystem of the area. The more people are in one place, the more waste is accumulated. When tourism is encouraged in an area with inadequate resources, it will have a negative impact on the ecosystem of the area. Admin This is why it’s so important for everyone to learn to travel responsibly and in an eco-friendly way. And to train an animal to do the tricks, people use very cruel and often brutal methods. Job creation is paramount to any discussion about tourism's … We have only one planet, so let’s all be its responsible residents , #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:18px Unna,Unna,sans-serif; } In Asia, it would be an elephant safari. Every choice matters: from a hotel you choose to stay at, travel company who organises your activities, to the place you dine in and the transportation mode you chose. For example, Langtang Valley in Nepal used to be the 3rd biggest region for trekking after Everest and Annapurna. And the food is such an important part of any culture. For example, large volumes of water are consumed to cater to the needs of the tourists, run hotels, swimming pools, maintain golf courses, etc. But, unfortunately, if people don’t travel sustainably tourism can have many negative effects on any given area. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. In such areas, the local flora and fauna might be deprived of the resources needed to sustain their lives. Irresponsible tourists often litter the tourist spots visited by them. An increasing number of people constantly adds pressure. If you want to have an ethical wildlife experience, check out these tips which will help you to find one. Tourists breaking off corals during snorkeling or scuba diving activities can also contribute to ecosystem degradation. Very often they are taken away from the wild at a very early age. And before we can learn how to travel sustainably, we need to understand what damage exactly we can cause when we go on another vacation. Some people already have to limit their shower time and then reuse the water for flashing the toiler or watering the plants. They include the depletion of local natural resources as well as pollution and waste problems. Some people even think that animals actually enjoy performing or giving a ride to people. Now it’s a town bustling with nightlife. And in South Africa, it’s popular to take pictures with lion cubs. It’s important to do some research about the norms and traditions of every new place you go to. In India and Nepal, you should not shake hands or pass the money with your left hand. When the tourist industry active in the region crosses the legal and ethical barriers to earn more profit, it can lead to massive degradation of the environment in the area. However, if you travel to other islands in Indonesia, such attire may offend the locals. So it’s important to raise awareness about these issues. All the negative effects of unsustainable tourism cause irreparable damage to an area and the people. This leads to increased crime and anti-social activities, and loss of moral and religious values. Often small business owners have to shut their businesses because they simply can’t afford to pay an increased rent. But there’s also quite a big percentage of people who do such acts of vandalism on purpose.

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