Patterns of limiting illness are also affected by social factors such as class. It is arguably the case that the people most affected by these changes have been those in the lower classes of society. This standard was chosen because the long term trend in the gap in mortality between professional and manual workers evidenced the fact that it had increased by two and a half times since the period 1930-32. However, while such policies may have had adverse effects New Labour’s response to the recommendations of the Acheson Report offsets some of these effects and demonstrates an integrated attempt to reduce the inequalities in health outcomes that exist between social classes. Nursing Essay Significant health inequalities were observed for those with lower socioeconomic status, Indigenous peoples, sexual and racial/ethnic minorities, immigrants, and people living with functional limitations (such as physical or mental impairments). In 1978 the Tory Government commissioned the Black Report to investigate the health of the nation. Within this it is thought that members of lower social groups face material constraints and poor living conditions which prevent them from living a healthy lifestyle. Opponents of the system argued that marketisation would lead to greater inequalities in healthcare provision and the poorer sections of society would be even worse off. Government claim to have invested in the area of housing so that there are less people living in housing that is not suitable to positive health outcomes. Promotion runs from 00:01am to 11:59pm (GMT/UTC) on the 27th November 2020. Similar to the Health Divide, the Acheson Report’s findings mirrored those of the Black report. It was believed that a fully comprehensive welfare state where people had their needs taken care of from the cradle to the grave would bridge the gap between the haves and the have nots. It recommended that there was a need for a more effective anti-poverty strategy and for better education to combat such inequalities. The persistence of these inequalities has become the subject of continuing debate. Due to the change to a Conservative government at the time the report was published it was released quietly (only 450 copies available) with the hope it would go unnoticed (Abercrombie and Ward, 2000). They investigate why some people have better health than others, why we are a society of rich and poor stratified into classes, and what the wider social effects of the inequalities that result from stratification might be. and Bellis, M.A. The two remaining (cultural and material) explanations of health inequalities have received considerable attention. These recommendations were taken on board by the current government who have made inroads into addressing inadequate housing, have introduced a national minimum wage, and have restructured the tax and benefits system. Sociology, Cambridge, Polity Press. The social selection explanation is that people who are in poor health are more likely to be unemployed or in low paid work whereas those who are healthy are more likely to have better jobs and living conditions. The promotion is valid for either 10% or 15% off any service. [7] People from the higher social class may be healthier because they tend to use medical services more often and also because they are more likely to eat a healthy diet. McCormak et al (1995) found that there was a strong positive relationship between social class and incidences of musculoskeletal disease such as osteoporosis. Government have now substantially increased winter fuel payments to all pensioners in an attempt to lessen inequality in this area. The second explanation for these health inequalities is social selection. Though ill health may have an effect on social mobility, it is often too small to account for any significant health difference (Wilkinson, 1996). This is not an example of the work produced by our Nursing Essay Writing Service. The Black report identified four different possible explanations; artefact, social selection, cultural and material. *You can also browse our support articles here >,,, ch. 19th Jul 2018 The Report was published in 1980 its brief had been to examine the reasons behind inequalities in health between different groups of people so that policy could be tailored to meet health needs. To qualify for the discount, you must have paid at least 50% of your order cost by 23:59 on Sunday 29th November 2020 (UTC/GMT). The different rates within a thousand births across England and Wales are shown in figure 1 below. 1997). Forty three percent of all men were long term unemployed or had never worked and this group were five times more likely to suffer from limiting illnesses than were the nine percent that consisted of males in professional and managerial positions. The initial purpose of the report was to measure the impact of ill health within the workforce (Macintyre, 1997). To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the website then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Thus the individual must take responsibility for the sake of their health. Unfortunately, even with all the actions that have been taken the gap between social groups is thought to have worsened (Sim and Mackie, 2006, Davey, 1990). Materialist explanations regard the cause of health inequalities as the result of wider structures of power, poor working conditions, low pay and associated living standards such as bad diet and poor housing and lack of education.


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