[14] Tradition identifies this disciple as Saint John. Until the 19th century, the authorship of the Gospel of John had been attributed to the Apostle John. Historians have related such portrayals to the circumstances of the believers for whom they were intended. John probably knew of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, but these gospels spoke of Jesus primarily in the year following the imprisonment and death of John the Baptist. [71] Sunnah did not mention their names either. These Acts are also the source of the notion that John became a disciple as a very young man. John, the son of Zebedee, was called along with this brother James to be one of Jesus’ twelve apostles who would accompany him on his ministry. [23] Around 600, however, Sophronius of Jerusalem noted that “two epistles bearing his name ... are considered by some to be the work of a certain John the Elder” and, while stating that Revelation was written by John of Patmos, it was “later translated by Justin Martyr and Irenaeus,”[2] presumably in an attempt to reconcile tradition with the obvious differences in Greek style. The Church Fathers identify him as John the Evangelist, John of Patmos, John the Elder and the Beloved Disciple, and testify that he outlived the remaining apostles and that he was the only one to die of natural causes. John 21:24 claims that the Gospel of John is based on the written testimony of this disciple. 28:6–7; D&C 7)". In Against Heresies, Irenaeus relates how Polycarp told a story of, John, the disciple of the Lord, going to bathe at Ephesus, and perceiving Cerinthus within, rushed out of the bath-house without bathing, exclaiming, "Let us fly, lest even the bath-house fall down, because Cerinthus, the enemy of the truth, is within. Polycarp taught Irenaeus, passing on to him stories about John. It contains strong docetic themes, but is not considered in modern scholarship to be gnostic.[63][64]. He played a leading role in the early church at Jerusalem. Another popular tradition, known to St. Augustine, declared that the earth over John’s grave heaved as if the apostle were still breathing. [14], John alone among the Apostles remained near Jesus at the foot of the cross on Calvary alongside myrrhbearers and numerous other women; following the instruction of Jesus from the Cross, John took Mary, the mother of Jesus, into his care as the last legacy of Jesus. [19], Church tradition has held that John is the author of the Gospel of John and four other books of the New Testament – the three Epistles of John and the Book of Revelation. During the 3rd century two rival sites at Ephesus claimed the honour of being the apostle’s grave. John held an authoritative position in the early church, shown by his visit with St. Peter to Samaria to lay hands on new converts. 2005. Omissions? In the New Testament, the name ''John'' is found numerous times. [74], As he was traditionally identified with the beloved apostle, the evangelist, and the author of the Revelation and several Epistles, John played an extremely prominent role in art from the early Christian period onward. During the 7th century this scene was portrayed in the Lateran basilica and located in Rome by the Latin Gate, and the miracle is still celebrated in some traditions. The reality is [that] we simply do not have reliable information about what happened to Jesus’ disciples after he died. We get the vast majority of our information about John from the pages of the four gospels. The term. Overall 18.3 × 9.4 × 0.7 cm. Or better yet, ask them which ancient source they are referring to that says so. The original community was under the leadership of Apollos (1 Corinthians 1:12). "the brethren"),[Acts 18:27] in addition to Priscilla and Aquila.


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