Cranberries are a group of evergreen dwarf shrubs or trailing vines in the subgenus Oxycoccus of the genus Vaccinium.In Britain, cranberry may refer to the native species Vaccinium oxycoccos, while in North America, cranberry may refer to Vaccinium macrocarpon. It has been cultivated in the Cape Cod area since the early 1800s and was an active industry in Maine during much of the last century. Wild large cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon) are native North American plants found in eastern Canada, the Northeastern New England states, the upper Midwestern states, and south to North Carolina. In 1991, a Maine farm began cultivating cranberries to sell, and the industry has seen a rebirth. It is a ‘new’ industry in the sense that it represents the rebirth of an industry that left the State in the first half of this century and until 1988 there were no commercial producers in the state. In 2010, according to the University of Maine, there were 30 commercial cranberry producers. Its flower buds, formed on short, upright shoots, open from May or June, with the berries ripening by late September or early October. It has been cultivated in the Cape Cod area since the early 1800s and was an active industry in Maine during much of the last century. On our Maine: Acadia National Park tour, you spend a day walking on Little Cranberry Island, one of the five Cranberry Isles—Great Cranberry, Little Cranberry or Isleford, Bear, Baker, and Sutton. They grow in wet, acidic soils, often in bogs and and swampy spots, in pine barrens, and along coastal areas. [The following is taken partially from the “Cranberry Agriculture In Maine: Grower’s Guide – 1996 version”]: The American cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) grows wild from the mountains of Georgia to the Canadian Maritimes, and as far west as Minnesota. Cranberries were cultivated in Maine through the 19th century, but the industry died out during the 20th century, due to, among other things, the populous' penchant for that canned jelly stuff. Maine is known for lobster and potatoes, but did you know cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon) are an important part of Maine's agricultural identity? September and October are when they are at their ripest stage. Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect PestsSome Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark Other factors include a lack of technology for frost protection, the spread of disease and pests, depressed demand during World War I, and the increasing trend toward specialized farming, according to Cranberry Agriculture In Maine: Grower’s Guide, 1996 version. A guided vacation with independent exploration. Wild large cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon, growing near a lake Closely related to blueberries, wild cranberries grow on small, creeping shrubs with slender, wiry stems, that don’t get more than about a foot tall. Wild cranberries still grow in New Hampshire bogs, but you have to know how to look for them. The islands are from one to five miles offshore and named after the low-bush wild cranberries that grow profusely throughout their terrain. © 2020 Country Walkers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the wild cranberries … Wild cranberries grow all over the Northeast and Canada. Identifying Your Wild Cranberries Jam? In 1998, 176 acres of cranberries were planted. The state of Maine has recently initiated an interest in the cranberry industry. The islands are from one to five … In muffins? On cereal? All Right Reserved. There's great reason to celebrate the tart little berry—after all, it is one of just three fruits that are native to North America! On our Maine: Acadia National Park tour, you spend a day walking on Little Cranberry Island, one of the five Cranberry Isles—Great Cranberry, Little Cranberry or Isleford, Bear, Baker, and Sutton. Members of the family occur from polar regions to the tropics in both hemispheres. They like to grow near lakes, bogs, swamps and shores of cold lakes. An exclusive, curated adventure with likeminded travelers. Cranberries kept scurvy at bay by providing vitamin C to Native Americans and the Pilgrims, as well as by keeping them healthy with dietary fiber and the essential mineral, manganese. In Maine, the cranberry flowers are in bloom from late June to mid-July. As of 2010, there were thirty commercial cranberry farms in the state, with roughly 200 acres (mostly in Washington County). The cultivated cranberry industry then spread to New Jersey by the 1830s, Wisconsin by the 1850s, and the Pacific Northwest by the 1880s. It belongs to the Heath, or Heather family (Ericaceae), which is a very widespread family of about 125 genera and about 3500 species! The Cranberry (genus Vaccinium) is native to the swamps and bogs of northeastern North America. cranberry producers in the U.S. are Massachusetts, Wisconsin, New Jersey, Oregon, and Washington. The small cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos) presents slight physical differences, though it can be used and eaten in the same manner as the large wild cranberry. Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy CA Residents Only: Do Not Sell My Personal Information ADA Policy, Story by: Sky Barsch Gleiner | October 10, 2012, CA Residents Only: Do Not Sell My Personal Information, Cedar Creek Lodge - Just Outside Glacier National Park. With new technologies and an increased interest in locally produced foods, the cranberry industry is again successful. [The following is taken partially from the “Cranberry Agriculture In Maine: Grower’s Guide – 1996 version”]: The American cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) grows wild from the mountains of Georgia to the Canadian Maritimes, and as far west as Minnesota. A national surplus of cranberries, however, has been the norm in recent years, driving down prices for water-harvested berries, and resulting in half of the Maine acreage being taken out of production. (The others are Concord grapes and blueberries.) Cranberry production is a vital new industry in the State of Maine. Check out this time line, from the University of Maine, to learn some cranberry history. For information about the many health benefits of cranberries, visit the Cranberry Institute’s Health Research page. Both fruits ripen in the autumn months. In 1988, there were no commercial cranberry growers in Maine. It is important to have warm, sunny weather during the bloom period, as that is the best formula for maximizing pollination by the cranberry’s two biggest pollinators: bumble bees and honeybees (cranberries rely on insect pollination because the pollen grains are too heavy to be carried around much at all by the wind). Private travel with freedom and peace of mind. Highbush Cranberry (not a true cranberry), 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events, Cranberry Institute’s Health Research page. The cranberry plant is described as a low-growing, woody perennial with small, oval leaves borne on fine, vine-like shoots.

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